With everything around evolving, the one crystal-clear fact is that change is inevitable. In the world of technology, there has been a lot of evolution from simple to complex, which is now commonly known as the new dawn of technology. There are added advantages and advanced methods of using the internet to improve different aspects of life such as security, entertainment, convenient transport, and pollution management, to mention but a few. One of the things that have played a vital role in the new developments is the (IoT) Internet of Things which has technically changed the traditional way of life to a unique high-tech lifestyle.
What Is IoT?
The Internet of Things is a prototype that links electronic devices to sensors through the internet by facilitating their communication to make our lives better. With the use of smart devices and the internet, IoT has helped come up with solutions for challenges facing businesses, the government, and various industries across the world. Gradually but progressively, IoT is becoming a must-do-with aspect of life whose effect is felt in the environment as it is a creation that combines intelligent systems, intelligent devices, and sensors to make the world a better and more advanced place to live. Through extensive research, it has been discovered that IoT has a high processing speed, relatively large storage, and high sensing ability that were non-existent in other technologies before.
How Does IoT work
An IoT communicates directly with the device or sensor without necessarily involving the user. This is done when the sensor corresponds to the cloud through specific connectivity. Once data gets to the cloud, the data is processed by the processor. Then, a particular action is performed, like sending a signal that automatically adjusts the device without involving the user. The IoT has five architectural layers, each with its function: perception layer, network layer, middleware layer, application layer, and business layer. All these layers work collectively to ensure that communications are sent to the cloud, received by the cloud, and processed by the processor, then lastly transferred as signals to the sensors for adjustments. There are also functional blocks that incorporate an effective IoT system that delivers optimum performance in conjunction with the layers. The functionality of IoT has gained momentum as days go by due to the reduced labor and minimized chances of human error, whose efficiency resulted from man’s curiosity and desire to lead a convenient and connected life.
Applications Of The IoT
• Smart homes
Most people think that the theory of using IoT is far-fetched when it is right in front of them. An example is how we use IoT technology in our homes without even realizing it. When an electric meter with an IoT gives you a daily record on your water usage or when you can check the surveillance of your home for security purposes, or better yet, the advanced locking systems and alert systems at home. All those examples fit into the innovative home application of the IoT technology, which has a promising probability of improving and intensifying security systems at home with time.
• Smart Cities
This dream is yet to be realized in some places while it is a reality to others. In some cities, the internet is accessible to people, and various devices are used for different purposes such as traffic management, waste, and pollution management, water distribution, and electricity distribution. We can only agree that the IoT technology has only made things more convenient by reducing human labor hence making things more efficient.
• Self-driven Cars
This is an innovation that has been tried out. Most people are looking forward to its creation in large quantities as it has an advanced technology that involves the car having several sensors and embedded systems connected to the internet and cloud to generate data that is transferred to the cloud then interpreted for informed decision making through advanced machine learning. This is one of the best innovations of IoT technology.
• Farming Industry
This is a field that has a promising future because of the evolving technology. IoT technology will be applied in getting and understanding crop patterns, irrigating using the drip method, especially for large-scale farmers, controlling the lighting patterns and temperature adjustments in greenhouses. In addition to that, farm surveillance by drones can be done in the comfort of your home. Technology has an assuring better future as agriculture is the backbone of most economies, and with its prosperity, there is certainty in a good economy. With technology, large-scale farming will be made more efficient, and it will be easier to maximize productivity.
• Health Department
Telehealth is a plan that is yet to be implemented but has a lot of potential, and with it comes a lot of efficiency like remote medical diagnosis and video consultations, even with a geographical gap between the specialist and patient. New advanced hospital equipment such as life support machines with IoT are easier to use and are more efficient since they are more accurate as the human error aspect is eliminated.
• Industrial Internet
With the increased population, there is a need for efficient industries to create job opportunities and boost the economy. IoT comes in handy when its technology is applied in industrial machinery and equipment. With that comes large quantity productivity, which leads to the creation of more industries, which leads to increased job opportunities, ultimately causing a positive boost to the economy.
• Smart Supply Chain Management
Marketing and indulging in business activities is a means of earning a living for most people, which means if they are improved, most people’s lives are improved. Comin up with an advanced means to distribute goods is a way of making business more efficient. This idea involves having goods tracked by having their transportation means embedded with IoT, which helps the one receiving the goods keep a good track of them. This means capitalization where human labor is less required.
Above are just a few applications of IoT technology where some have been put into use while others are still promising ideas yet to be actualized. The one thing that is certain about IoT is that it has made the world a better place to live.
As the saying goes, there is no good thing that exists without flaws. IoT isn’t exceptional. There are few disadvantages of using IoT, such as lack of privacy and insecurity issues and a problem maintaining some social ethics and laws. Regardless, the advantages outweigh the shortcomings by far, making IoT connectivity something to celebrate and an innovation to be proud of.
To fit into the new technology trends, it’s important that everyone adjusts or will be eliminated with time. It’s only advisable to embrace IoT with an eager mind to learn how it works and its applications to ensure that we maximize its advantages and benefit from them as it has a promising future with a glimmer of light amidst the many problems that might just have found their solutions.